Ninth Circuit Clarifies Two Criminal Copyright Mens Rea Standards

In an opinion filed the 1st of October,1 the Ninth Circuit addressed the proper meaning of “willfully” under Section 506(a)(1) of Title 17,2 the federal criminal copyright infringement statute, and “knowingly” under Section 2318(a)(1) of Title 18,3 the federal criminal trafficking in counterfeit labels statute. The district court below had treated both standards as ones […]